Species from the desert and semi-arid areas are growing slowly. African Aloes, Crassula and Elders have thickened leaves that grow in dense rosettes. In turn, American cacti form massive shoots and, instead of leaves, thorns. Planted next to each other do not interfere with development. And the compositions created from them delight with their beauty.
Do you know that…
Succulents are plants that endure strong sunlight and are able to live in very dry areas. They store water in shoots or leaves, and its loss is limited by thick skin. During periods of drought, they do not grow, falling into a state of rest.
THEY FEEL TOGETHER
Succulents tolerate drought well, so you can leave them even for a long time without water. This makes their care much easier. So if we have several specimens in separate pots, we can put them in one wide container – a flat pot, a teddy bear or a basket. Let’s choose small seedlings (at garden centres you can buy sets of young succulents at low prices), because they are easier to accept, and after a few months, the composition will have a more natural look than created from large ones.
Plants that grow widely or have dangling shoots (e.g. sedum) are better planted at the edge of the vessel, while columnar forms (e.g. wolfberry with three ribs) – in the middle or on the opposite side (in the case when we want to set the garden against the wall ). Let the species forming rosette colonies (e.g. sawhorse) leave some space to grow freely. Meanwhile, empty spots can be filled with decorative pebbles or coloured gravel. After 2-3 years, the plants will occupy the entire vessel, and when they are too tight, it will be time to burst.
HOW TO JOIN THEM
Many people plant cacti with other succulents in a common container. Admittedly, most plants have very similar requirements, but in winter with such compositions can be a problem. During this period, cacti and agaves require temperatures below 10 C – we leave them without water, and even in the dark, which will ensure good rest for the plants and then flowering. In contrast, other succulents (gastric, crassula, haworje, aloe, old flowers, stonecrops, stapelia, kalanchoe and many others) winter at a temperature of several degrees and despite resting they need a lot of light and from time to time some water.
So it’s better to create gardens either from the cactuses themselves (and take them out into the cold room for the winter), or from other succulent species. Mixed compositions from November to March should stay in a bright room, at 16-18 C, on an unheated windowsill. We water them very sparingly.
WE LEAVE AND CARE
When planting succulents in a mini-garden, try to avoid over-thickening of plants – and they will grow over time. We choose a flat dish with a hole in the bottom and drain the drain. If there is no hole, the drainage layer must be thicker. We cover it with agro textile and sprinkle a few centimetres layer of succulent substrate on it (based on peat with the addition of sand and fine gravel). If you plan to plant only cacti, there should be a lot of gravel. Take the plants out of the pots and set them on a layer of soil. Fill the empty spaces with the substrate, which then lightly squeeze. We place succulents on a well-lit windowsill – they will feel the best here. In the summer, we water the plants with small portions of water and not often – when the soil dries.
In winter, we do not water the cactuses and place them in a cold room, and the compositions from other succulents and mixed water are scarce and we provide them with a temperature of 16-18 ° C. Succulent gardens can be displayed outside in the summer. Before that, however, you must gradually get used to the stronger sun. For power it is best to use nutrients for cacti and succulents or very dilute solutions of universal fertilizers. Species that form long shoots with insufficient light gobble off the leaves and stretch out excessively.